Plagiarism score or similarity score is obtained by the tool (Turnitin) to check, whether the submitted documents contains any copied & pasted as it is from any sources. The plagiarism is  used to check the similarity of the phrases and sentence that are used in the document are they copied as it is and used in the  report. Even when the credit is provided for referencing these source under the reference section. One must use the quotations to use the same sentence or phrases, that are copied & pasted in the document. When the filter is applied to ignore the quoted sentenced, these are ignored by the tool to obtain the similarity score.

     The image below displays an example of a plagiarism or similarity score, which is obtained by Turnitin, a tool used to check whether submitted documents contain any copied and pasted content from other sources. The similarity score indicates how similar the phrases and sentences in the document are to existing sources, even if the sources are properly referenced in the document's reference section. To avoid plagiarism, it's important to use quotation marks when directly quoting sentences or phrases from other sources. By applying a filter to ignore quoted text, Turnitin can determine the actual similarity score of the document. Turnitin searches through its entire database and the internet to find matches between phrases or sentences, which are then highlighted along with the reference number to indicate the source from which the match was found. An example of a 5% similarity score is shown in the image below.

    The similarity index report in the below image, shows the details of the distributed similarities from various sources.  


    Plagiarism also considers the reference as similarities  and are reported in the original similarity score. 


    To reduce the impact of these matches, you can exclude them using the filter and generate a revised report for better understanding.


    In some cases, a high similarity score may be obtained due to the use of standard names or phrases that cannot be changed or rephrased. In such situations, it is recommended to investigate which parts of the document have the highest similarities and consider rephrasing them if possible. Additionally, filters can be applied to exclude certain types of matches and generate a more accurate report. 


    To have low similarity score, the sentences must be rephrased and written in ones own words. This way it will reduce the similarity and provide more simpler meaning of the author.  While using output of a program in text format, which will have 100% similarity, these outputs can be converted as images. The command line statements or syntax will have 100% similarity . 

    Plagiarism is considered a serious offense in the academic world, as it involves using someone else's work and presenting it as one's own. To avoid plagiarism, it is important to use proper referencing techniques, such as citing sources in the text and providing a bibliography or reference list at the end of the document. It is also important to rephrase sentences and paragraphs in your own words to avoid using the same words and phrases as the original source. This not only helps to avoid plagiarism but also shows your understanding of the material and your ability to communicate it in your own words..


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